All About the Australian Terrier

The Australian Terrier might look small, but it packs plenty of sass into this tiny package. This breed is lively and upbeat with plenty of curiosity driving it.

What You Should Know

The Australian Terrier is one of the smallest working terriers in the world. It was originally bred in Tasmania, from several other European breeds. A lot of its background is shared with the Silky Terrier. The purpose of creating this dog was to have an animal with a striking appearance that was also useful. In the mix is the Scotch, Yorkshire Terrier, Dandie Dinmont, Skye, and Manchester Terrier.

The first breed was showcased in the late 1800s as the Blue Terrier. In the early 1900s, the name changed to Rough-Coated Terrier. By 1925, this breed made its way to America, but it wasn’t until 1960 that it received formal AKC recognition.

What Sound Do They Make?

The Australian Terrier is not a quiet dog. It likes to bark and is quick to sound warning alarms anytime there is a new sound or sight. With proper training, this can be stopped.

Here you can listen to an Australian Terrier named Charlie barking in his backyard.

Group Characteristics

The Australian Terrier loves to be active. It spends a lot of time barking, digging and chasing. It’s also a bossy breed. This dog wants to be the dominant figure when multiple animals are present. It’s not always wise to put two male Australian Terriers together or they could fight over the top spot. As a pet, it’s vital to establish dominance over the dog in its younger years.

With early training and proper socialization, this dog will be happy with a family.

The Australian Terrier hits puberty by seven months old. Its typical litter size is four puppies.

How Many are There?

There’s no official count on how popular this dog is worldwide, but we do know that it ranks 140 out of the top AKC breeds. This shows families in America like to have this dog in their homes, but it certainly isn’t one of the most popular.

Pop Culture

While terriers, in general, get used often in film and movies, it’s difficult to find any that are specifically Australian Terriers. It just doesn’t appear to be a top breed for the entertainment industry. Nor are there any notable people that acknowledge owning one.

Australian Terriers are used as therapy dogs. Studies suggest that this breed helps to lower blood pressure, accelerate recovery and relieve tension.

Interesting Facts

In a study done by the 2002 Australian Terrier Club, several health problems were found with the Australian Terrier. The most notable included diabetes, allergic dermatitis, and musculoskeletal concerns. Other minor conditions include ear infections and adult-onset cataracts.

While the Australian Terrier is found in numerous countries, it is most popular in Australia, the UK, Ireland, and the United States.

This dog breed prefers to live with lots of space but has been able to conform to small apartments. If they must remain indoors, it’s essential to ensure they receive plenty of daily exercise. Otherwise, they become depressed.

The Australian Terrier was once a popular breed in the UK to control the outbreak of mice and other rodents.

The Australian Terrier reaches up to 11 inches high and weighs up to 16 pounds. It features a shaggy, rough and waterproof double coat that often looks blue, tan, red or sandy-colored.

All About the Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd dog is known as a tough ranch dog. It’s an American dog that has close ties to the cowboy way-of-life.

What You Should Know

Despite the name, the Australian Shepherd doesn’t come from Australia, but America. It may have originated in Australia with European settlers back in the 1800s, but those shepherds relocated to the United States and brought the dog with them.

This first registry was with the International English Shepherd Registry. Then, the AKC recognized it in 1993. It’s a versatile breed that excels at obedience, agility, and herding. That’s why it’s used so frequently to deal with cattle and sheep.

The Australian Shepherd is known by numerous names. Some of these include the Spanish Shepherd Blue Heeler, Aussie, Pastor Dog, New Mexican Shepherd, and Bob-Tail.

It looks similar to an English Shepherd or Border Collie. In fact, recent research suggests that the Border Collie and Aussies have a similar background. It features a harsh, moderate length coat.

What Sound Do They Make?

Australian Shepherds are often destructive and will bark when they don’t receive the exercise they require. This barking becomes excessive and loud. The dogs will also bark to alert the owner of any suspicious activity. Expect this breed to protect the family and cattle with explosive fierceness, when needed.

Group Characteristics

The Australian Shepherd tends to have an average of seven pups per litter. This equates to anywhere between six and nine puppies each time.

How Many are There?

It’s not clear how many Australian Shepherds currently exist, though we know they are most popular in America. The AKC now ranks them as the 17th most popular breed.

Pop Culture

Australian Shepherds received their claim to fame after World War I. They became the perfect dog for the rodeo and people in the West enjoyed their presence. One dog show earned popularity, The Jay Sisler Show. This team of dogs was featured in many Disney movies including Run, Appaloosa, Run plus Stub.

The Australian Shepherd isn’t as popular as the Border Collie, but it’s still found in many movies today. Back in the 1920s, a notable addition was in the Jack Hoxie westerns. You might have also seen this breed in films such as Ace Ventura: Pet Detective Jr., 12 Dogs of Christmas, Air Bud: World Pup, and The Animal.

Interesting Facts

Australian Shepherds demand at least 30 to 60 minutes of daily exercise. It’s preferable to do something high-energy with the dog, such as playing Frisbee. They also thrive when they have a job to perform and welcome obedience training.

While many Australian Shepherds have blue eyes, that isn’t true with all of them. You might find some with brown, hazel, amber or green-colored eyes. It’s even possible to find dogs with unmatched eyes showcasing two different colors.

The Australian Shepherd has several health issues that owners need to know about. It’s common for this breed to suffer from epilepsy, which makes feeding time more difficult. They are also susceptible to viral and bacterial infections. When they suffer from a urinary infection, the owner needs to keep plenty of water available. They also have a history of eye diseases, but plenty of beta carotene seems to help prevent that from happening.

All About the Australian Mist

The Australian Mist is also known as the Spotted Mist. It’s a breed that’s proudly made in Australia with a Burmese and Abyssinian background.

What was created is this confident and companionable mix that makes a great family pet.

What You Should Know

This short-hair cat comes from Dr. Truda Straede. It was first developed in 1977 from a large gene pool. More than 30 foundation cats were used to create the breed, including half Burmese, a quarter Abyssinian, and quarter Australian Moggy. The Burmese provided the specialized color and the laid-back temperament. The Abyssinian offered a unique pattern and intelligence. Finally, the Moggy provided the spots and vigor.

This cat breed remains attentive and alert. They are considered to be extreme athletes with what appears to be limitless energy. Their inquisitive nature sometimes gets them in trouble, but they remain confident because of their intelligent and self-assured attitude.

What Sound Do They Make?

While the Australian Mist is relatively quiet, it is known to purr loudly when it’s happy.

Group Characteristics

The Australian Mist lives for ten to 13 years.

How Many are There?

The majority of these cats remain in Australia. However, some are found in the United States and the UK. A UK breeder first brought them to the country in 2007. Currently, breeders in Norway are also attempting to start a population there as well.

Pop Culture

Because of how new it is and rare, it’s challenging to find the Australian Mist in any type of movie or TV show. It’s not even a species that is found in animation, though it might be in the future. As of now, the most popular place to encounter one in pop culture would be through the Pet Shop Story app. It’s available for both Android and Apple devices at no charge.

In this game, the Australian Mist is available. Since it is a crossbreed, it is not possible to breed further in the game. In the app, the cat features silver pelts and dark gray markings with green eyes. Collection time equals nine hours and users receive 110 coins from its playpen.

Interesting Facts

An Australian Mist cat is considered relatively healthy. Any cat breed can develop trouble, but there are some that this species is known for. Typically, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and renal failure tend to be the most common complaints. Still, it suffers from minimal genetic issues.

Some owners report that the lighter fur Australian Mist cat seems to develop some skin allergies over time. There are no known documented reports that back up these claims.

The Australian Mist Cat also achieved championship status from the World Cat Federation. It’s been a championship breed for 20 years now.

The temperament of most Australian Mist cats is easygoing. It likes to be picked up and held, even by smaller children. It isn’t a cat that often scratches or bites, so it is a safe option for many families. As kittens, they tend to have a lot of energy and need plenty of exercise. Once they become adults, they often settle down more. They also become quieter. Because they are good indoor cats, they are easy to train. They even enjoy taking walks with a leash and collar.

Featured Article

Learn All About Akitas

The Akita is bred for snow. These beautiful dogs thrive in snowy terrain and were originally bred for hunting wild game. Over time they became beloved as both pets and protectors.    

Akitas

Akitas helped people survive and secure a stable food supply by assisting hunters in rural areas. Their rise to prominence in hunting was later coupled with a role as protectors of the home which came about in the 1800s. During that time, rural areas were faced with rising populations and the accompanying challenges that come with higher densities of people.

They became valued as guard dogs as a result and served to help protect families, as well as help hunters, bring sustenance back to their homes.

What you should know

Once termed as, “snow country dogs,” this loyal breed proved themselves as exceptional trackers on the hunt. One thing you should know right off the bat is the difference between Japanese and American Akitas.

Akita Inu – the Japanese variety

The Japanese region of Odate in the Akita prefecture is where the breed is thought to have originated. These dogs are extremely ancient as a breed however, making the exact origins difficult to trace. A Japanese Akita Inu can range up to 122 pounds and 26 inches tall.

The American Akita

Despite its name, the American Akita is a completely different breed than the Japanese variety. They are not related other than the fact that both breeds technically originate in Japan. American Akitas can grow to around 130 pounds and up to 26 inches tall.

Like the Japanese Akita Inu, American Akitas are also extremely protective and loyal dogs. To those first meeting them, Akitas can be imposing, even foreboding but underneath it all, they’re very calm.

What sound do they make?

The bark of an Akita is generally deep but can also be high pitched as more of a yelp. Here are a couple of videos to compare the bark of an Akita as a puppy verses one that’s 8 months old.

Group characteristics

The Akita breed is fiercely protective, strong, dominant, and territorial. Ever loyal, these dogs hail from the Spitz family. Akitas can be very attached to their owners to the point that they become highly averse to sharing their owner with other people.

How many are there?

Similar to the decimation of the Alaskan Malamute, WW2 was unkind to Japanese Akita Inu when the Japanese government ordered that they be seized to provide the military with fur. Fortunately, a handful of American soldiers brought Akitas back to the United States and founded the American Akita Club

While they have recovered to an extent, WW2 left a lasting impression on the Akita population in Japan.

Watch a video

To learn more about Akitas, you can watch these videos.

The American Akita

The Japanese Akita

Pop culture

Akitas have been given a generous role in pop culture with heroic dogs like Hachiko being mentioned in Japanese manga comics and other media. The tale of Hachiko is as heartwarming as it is tragic. In the 1920s, the faithful dog was the companion of Hidesaburo Ueno, a professor at the University of Tokyo. Hachiko would meet his owner at the train station after work every day without fail until one day, Mr. Ueno died from a cerebral hemorrhage.

Loyal to the end, Hachiko waited for him at that train station for nine years, nine months, and fifteen days surviving on treats and scraps given to him by folks passing by. The dog was hailed by the Tokyo community as a hero and became the subject of the film, Hachiko Monagatari.

Inspired by the same noble traits, Akitas have had been featured in books and another notable Japanese film titled, The Snow Prince.

American contributions to the renown of the Akita trace back to the likes of Helen Keller. She was purportedly the first to introduce an Akita into the United States.

Interesting facts

An important thing to know about American Akitas as a group is that they usually give no warning whatsoever before they attack. While impressive, folks should always remember to be careful around this fierce breed of dogs. 

You may be interested to know that the Akita was once called by an entirely different name, the Odate dog. The name hearkens to their proposed place of origin mentioned previously and it stuck until they were renamed Akitas in the 1930s.

Learn All About the Alaskan Malamute

There are few dogs as noble in both character and appearance as the Alaskan Malamute. Alaskan Malamutes are prized for their exceptional physical strength and sense of smell. These dogs are perfect for expeditions in the northern wilds where the winds and snows would throw most dogs off the trail.

Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute hails from the wintery lands of northern Alaska. They are both extremely stubborn and highly intelligent. The unique combination makes them one of the most determined and accomplished dogs on the planet. Anyone interested in training one will have their work cut out for them, but in the end, it’ll be worth the effort.

What you should know

Alaskan Malamutes can be white or a mix of gray, black, and sable in color. Although the Alaskan Malamute was purportedly related to wolves, the notion has been discounted. While the physical traits of Alaskan Malamutes bear an unmistakable resemblance to wolves, they are pure-bred dogs and the only trace of wolves is very ancient. As part of the Spitz family of dogs, they are one of only 14 breeds that feature any semblance to wolves in their DNA.  

Known as the largest of the Nordic Sledge dogs, they are also sometimes mistaken for Siberian Huskies, but they are quite distinct. These dogs can reach up to 25 inches in height and weigh up to 85 pounds.

What sound do they make?

Their bark closely resembles a howl, which can be quite enchanting, unless of course, you’re trying to train one as is the case in this video. Their bark can also be high pitched like that of this young pup.

Group characteristics

Although quite stubborn at times, Alaskan Malamutes make for truly extraordinary, loyal, and loving pets. Despite being touted as an ideal pack dog, they have a strong independent streak. They will for example, not follow commands as easily as a Golden Retriever. Like many dogs, they’re prone to chasing after small animals.

That said, Alaskan Malamutes are exceptionally team-oriented and thrive when they feel a sense of responsibility. You can rely on them to be gentle and careful around children, and they make rather poor guard dogs. When faced with an intruder in the home, most Alaskan Malamutes will not react particularly aggressively.

How many are there?

The years of the Second World War were particularly devastating to Alaskan Malamute populations. Only 30 of them were left remaining by 1947, leaving the breed nearly extinct.

Watch a video

In this video, you can learn more about the great Alaskan Malamutes and what makes them different from their cousins the Siberian Huskies.

Pop culture

Alaskan Malamutes have enjoyed honorable mention in pop culture, especially in popular literature. Jack London’s writings did much to glorify this magnificent breed in his treasured work, ‘The Call of the Wild.’ Another legendary author that brought more attention to the Alaskan Malamute was Rudyard Kipling. 

Interesting facts

One of the most unique characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute is their extraordinary ability to survive in dangerously low temperatures. Masters of the northern climate, these dogs can survive when it’s 70 degrees below.   

The breed was named after the Mahlemuits, the Inuit tribe from northwestern Alaska. These dogs boast a proud history of being reliable companions to early adventurers including miners in the late 1800’s. They were particularly instrumental to prospectors during the Klondike Gold Rush.

The dogs were also used extensively for hauling hunted Alaskan game like seals and polar bears.  

With such a rich history in the area, this noble breed officially became Alaska’s state dog as recently as 2010.

All About the Alpine Dachsbracke

The Alpine Dachsbracke is undeniably cute, however, they are also exceptional assistants when it comes to hunting. Austrians know this quality well as they prize the breed for their uncanny ability to pick up a trail gone cold by scent.

Alpine Dachsbracke

An Alpine Dachsbracke is a strong, robust hunting hound that exhibits extraordinary stamina that serves them well when on the hunt.

What you should know

You should know that these dogs are much more than exceptional hunters, they also make remarkably loyal companions. The breed was created primarily for the purpose of tracking down wounded game in the wild. Alpine Dachsbrackes also make excellent watchdogs. Conversely, they can also be very gentle when playing with children. However, they should be kept away from smaller pets who they might perceive as prey.  

Their range of talents earned them a reputation as, ‘the multiple utility dog of the Alpine hunter.’ They’re also sometimes referred to as an Alpine Basset Hound.

Alpine Dachsbrackes have two coats. The first coat is thick while the second coat is dense, covering its entire body.

With short legs and a long body, they typically grow to between 33-40 pounds, making them a medium-sized dog. Both male and female Alpine Dachsbrackes reach heights of 13-16 inches. As a breed, Alpine Dachsbrackes are generally very healthy however they are sometimes prone to obesity. They require a generous amount of exercise to burn off their excess energy.   

What sound do they make?

As can be expected of prized watchdogs, an Alpine Dachsbracke sports a loud and authoritative bark.

Group characteristics

Because they were deliberately bred into existence, the Alpine Dachsbracke is not typically found in the wild or in groups and do not migrate. Instead, they are largely domesticated and found in homes as pets.

You can expect a litter of 6 puppies on average. Alpine Dachsbracke puppies take about a year to reach adult size.

They generally get along quite well with other dogs who are not too much smaller than them. Alpine Dachsbrackes are quick learners and do well in the domestic environment. Owners should train the hound to see them as a ‘pack leader’ to establish dominance. When left alone for too long they will bark incessantly and engage in destructive behavior.

How many are there?

It is not generally known exactly how many Alpine Dachsbrackes are out there however it can be assumed with relative certainty that their population is rather small. They are uncommon outside of Austria where they were first bred.

Watch a video

Here’s a video showing more facts and pertinent information on this remarkable breed. The more we learn about these dogs, the more there is to appreciate about them.

Pop culture

While not a mainstay of pop culture, Alpine Dachsbrackes have a fascinating history. It has been said that in the 1800s, the breed was originated when Crown Prince Rudolf of Habsburg came to favor the Alpine Dachsbrackes on his hunting expeditions.  

Interesting facts

Although similar to the Dachshund, an Alpine Dachsbracke is distinguished from them by having a longer body and being somewhat taller. They also have a wider head and chest than the Dachshunds. These dogs are not commonly found outside of their native land of Austria.

The defining qualities of their temperaments are a unique mix of fearlessness, boldness combined with friendliness. Alpine Dachsbrackes are also highly intelligent.

As of 1991, they were officially recognized as a scent hound in the following registries.

  • FCI
  • ACA
  • ACR
  • CKC
  • NKC
  • APRI

In conclusion, it can be said that an Alpine Dachsbracke is one of the best hounds to have both on the hunt and at the hearth. You’ll scarcely find a breed that is more loyal or more talented in tough terrain.